Bucks County in the Civil War
The state of Pennsylvania played a significant role in the Civil War. The state's call for volunteers saw over 400,00 soldiers and fielded 270 regiments. Lincoln's initial call to Pennsylvania Governor Curtin drew 25 regiments and the formation of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps for a 3-year enlistment. Troops were mustered into service after the first Bull Run, and numerous training camps were formed throughout the state.
Bucks County itself is rich in Civil War History and claims several well-known Civil war personalities as locals. In Doylestown's Camp Lacey, modern-day War Memorial Field, volunteers from all over the county and region including Doylestown, Perkasie, Upper Black Eddy, Philadelphia and Reading, were raised to form the 104th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry regiment under Col. W.W.H. Davis. The proud "Ringgold" regiment would go on to be bloodied during the war and immortalized during the Battle of Fair Oaks, Virginia, May 31, 1862.
Brevet Brigadier and Major-General H.G. Sickel was born in Bucks County in 1817. A descendant of Revolutionary War General Horatio Gates, he commanded the 3rd Pennsylvania Reserves during the Civil War and took part in the Peninsula campaign. In 1864, he commanded the 198th Penn. Vols. and was brevetted for gallantry during the Siege of Petersburg. He later saw extensive action and was severely wounded during the battle of Quaker Road. Sickel died in 1890 and is buried in the Doylestown Cemetery.
Bvt. Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson Smith
Brevet Brigadier and Major-General A. J. Smith was born in Bucks County in 1815. He served in the early Indian campaigns and under Gen. Scott in the Mexican War. During the Civil War, he commanded divisions in XIII Corps during the Vicksburg Campaign where he achieved an astounding victory against Gen. S. D. Lee's Confederate troops, earning him the nickname "Hero of Tupelo." After the war, he was the commanding Colonel in Custer's famous Seventh Cavalry before retiring in 1869. Smith's lineage is deep-rooted in Pennsylvania: His father, Gen. Samuel Smith, served under Washington in the Continental Army, and brother, Samuel A. Smith, a Congressman, was a Doylestown resident and is buried in the Doylestown Presbyterian Cemetery.
Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock
A Mexican War veteran and Hero of Gettysburg, Winfield Hancock, known during the war as "Hancock the Superb," rose to the rank of Major General, commanding II Corps under Gen. U.S. Grant. After the war, he commanded the Department of the Missouri and took part in the campaigns against the Plains Indians. Following a failed run as Democratic presidential nomination to Garfield, he retired from public service. Dying at Governor's Island in 1886, he was buried in Norristown, Pennsylvania. Although Hancock hailed from neighboring Montgomery County, he had much influence within the region and is a prominent figure in Bucks County Civil War history.
Col. Samuel Croasdale
A local lawyer, Samuel Croasdale organized a company of Doylestown volunteers to muster into the 128th Pennsylvania Volunteers. Promoted to Colonel during the Maryland Campaign, he was killed in action at Antietam on April 17, 1862. He is buried at the Doylestown Cemetery.